The line between Tyranny and Strong Leadership
The line between Tyranny and Strong Leadership
Tyranny and strong leadership are two different types of leadership styles. Both involve the exercises of influence of a person over others. However, in strong leadership, good leadership styles are depicted with the leader being able to connect well with the followers hence being their role model. Strong leaders deliver good results. On the contrary, tyranny type of leadership does not involve the followers, but the leader. The leader is selfish and usually pushes for his / her selfish objectives. It involves dictatorship and lack of democracy. This paper distinguishes tyranny and strong leadership.
Different people view leadership differently. However, it remains that leadership is the ability of a person to exercise his or her influence over other people. Leadership is relational, reciprocal, and has values. A leader usually tends to look for what motivates the followers while keeping him productive and moving forward. According to Winkler, strong leaders must be very engaged with followers, making sure they are satisfied with a higher set of needs, not just the simple stuff, but in the active participation of issues that both the leader and the followers care deeply about (80). When this collaboration takes place, leaders and followers are able to transform the situation and the leadership is now transformational.
The leaders and the followers should take care of each other’s interest and act in the interest of every member of the entire group. Transactional leadership provides that the leader motivate the followers while providing high standards of morals, motivation and performance. According to Burns, strong leadership is either transactional or transformational (61). Transactional leaders are leaders who lead through social change while transformational leaders do stimulate and inspire followers to both achieve extraordinary outcomes and in the process, develop their own leadership capacity. Bass & Riggio note that transformational leaders help their followers to grow into leaders by responding to individual needs of followers by empowering them and aligning their objectives and goals of individual followers (221). According to Northouse & Northouse, strong leaders address the sense of self-worth of their follower to engage the follower in true commitment and involvement in the effort at hand (82). This is the characteristic of transformational leadership. Winkler indicates that transformational leaders motivate their followers more than originally intended (33). They provide them with more challenging expectations and they typically achieve higher performances. According to Lumpe, transformational leaders tend to have more committed and satisfied followers (59).
Strong transformational leaders usually behave in ways that allow them to serve as role models for their followers. In this respect, they are admired, respected and trusted. The behaviors of the leader and their attributed elements make them ideal role models and therefore influence their followers. Such leaders also offer inspirational motivation through their behavior that inspires and motivate people around them. According to Berman, et al., idealized influence leadership and inspirational motivation usually form combined single factor of charismatic-inspirational leadership (110). Contingent reward is effective in motivating others to achieve higher levels of development and performance. Psychological contingent rewards given to employees of an organization can make the management of the organization depict transformational leadership.
The main characteristics of strong leadership are charisma, Inspirational motivation, Intellectual stimulation and personal and individual attention. The transformational leadership theory suggested by Burns indicates that the extent of transformation in a strong leader is measured by the influence of the leader on his followers and the successes of the leader in seeking new ways of working as he tries to embrace new opportunities and assess the availability of threats (73).
The strong leaders differ from tyrant leaders. Tyranny is the kind of leadership where the leader abuses the owner at his disposal. The tyrant leader is a leader that is destructive and dictatorial. The leader decides what to regardless of the interests of the subjects. As long as the interests of the leader are achieved, the interests of the followers may not be achieved. Tyranny leadership may go to the extent of the leader oppressing the followers in order to meet his personal interests. This includes murders and persecution of people opposing to their mission. Many political regimes in the post have been tyranny leadership with leaders lacking the strong leadership characteristics. They exert the power and authority of the government to attain their own personal interests. A tyranny leadership style defies all the good aspects of strong leadership. The leader has few followers due to the oppression. There is lack of charisma, Inspirational motivation, Intellectual stimulation and personal and individual attention. Thus, tyranny is characterized by lack of democracy. A typical example of tyranny is many of the ancient monarchies (Bass & Riggio 123).
Leadership is the ability of a person to influence his influence over others. There are different leadership styles. However, the outcome of the style is what matters most. Strong leadership is the kind of leadership where the leader is very effective in executing his leadership roles. The leader maintains his link with the followers. Having characteristics of charisma, the leader motivates and stimulates the followers while giving them his individual attention. This makes the leader a model for the followers. Strong leadership differs from tyranny leadership. Tyranny, the leader is selfish and only drives his / her own objectives with less care on the needs of the followers. Tyrants rarely get in touch with the followers. Tyranny leaders will destroy the people who oppose their goals through oppression of killing them. Tyranny is not encouraged because it doe not include the needs of all people and may affect the economic growth of a country and the performance of organizations.
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